From getting approved for a small ticket loan of ₹1000 to a full-fledged home loan, your credit score plays a very crucial role in it.
A credit score is a score that determines the credit worthiness of a person. It is calculated based on your past repayment behaviour. Higher the credit score, the higher are the chances of getting approved for loans and other credit products.
There are four bureaus in India that provide credit score:
4. High Mark
The Credit Information Bureau India Limited (CIBIL) is a bureau authorized by the RBI that generates the credit score based on the credit report and repayment behaviour. That credit score is called a CIBIL score. They follow a score range of 300-900.
A good credit score is an indicator that you have a low credit risk and repay your loans on time, making you an ideal borrower.
A bad credit score indicates bad repayment behaviour like missed repayments, defaults or bankruptcy.
Given below is the breakup of good and bad CIBIL scores:
650 – 699
700 – 749
750 – 799
Anything above 700 is considered as good CIBIL score. This increases your chances of getting a higher credit amount, lower interest rates, and many other benefits.
Your CIBIL score is so much more than a three-digit number. It can help your loan application in the following ways:
1. Instant Loan approvals
A good CIBIL score is one of the key indicators of a low-risk borrower who can be trusted with credit. When you show a history of responsible borrowing and timely repayments, you are more likely to get approved for loans faster. This is because a high credit score gives the loan provider confidence in your ability to repay the loan.
2. Quicker Disbursements
If you have a good CIBIL score, it can help speed up the process of disbursal after you are approved for a loan. This is because you would become a priority customer for the lender because of good repayment behaviour.
3. Higher credit at lower interest rates
High-ticket loans such as home loans, car loans and personal loans can have a high interest rate. But when you have a good CIBIL score, you give yourself an added advantage of being able to avail these high-ticket loans at lower interest rates. This will significantly help you borrow money at a lower cost.
Your three-digit CIBIL score is calculated after keeping many factors in mind:
1. Repayment history
The way you wouldn’t want to lend money to that friend who never pays you back, a lender would never want to give credit to people who make late payments on their EMIs, credit card bills or default on their repayments.
Your repayment history is a significant contributor to your credit score.
Late payments, defaulting on loans, and paying only the minimum amount are signs of a bad repayment history which reflects negatively on the CIBIL score.
2. Credit Mix
Credit Mix means having a balanced amount of secure and unsecured loans such as credit cards, car loans and more. A good credit mix is important for maintaining a good credit score.
A diverse mix of loans indicates you can manage different types of credit which can help you improve your CIBIL score.
3. Multiple Enquiries
Whenever you apply for a loan, the credit provider assesses your credit profile which is known as a credit enquiry. Having too many enquiries in a short period of time can have a negative impact on your credit score. Hence, it is important to avoid applying credit cards and loans in a short period of time as this may have a negative impact on your profile.
4. Credit Utilization
Credit utilization is the total credit that you use out of the total amount of credit across all your cards. Having a high credit utilization can negatively affect your credit score. Hence the best practice to maintain a good CIBIL score is to ensure that your credit utilization is not more than 30% on individual cards.
CIBIL report, also known as Credit Information Report or CIR, is the report of an individual’s credit repayment history of all credit cards and loans. You may read more about it here.
You can improve your CIBIL score by practicing these 5 simple steps:
1. The best practice for maintaining a good CIBIL score is to make your repayments on time. An easy way of going about this is by setting auto-debit for all your repayments.
2. Ensure your credit utilization doesn’t exceed 50 percent. The best practice is to make sure your utilization is around 25-30%.
3. Maintain a healthy credit mix and make sure you’re repaying all your loans on time.
4. Keep a check on the number of credit enquiries you make. Applying for too many loans and credit cards at once can increase the total number of inquiries which can negatively affect your score.
5. Make it a habit to review your CIBIL report at regular intervals. This will help you avoid any form of discrepancies and ensure that there are no errors in your report.
Maintaining a good CIBIL score comes with advantages like instant loan approvals, faster disbursals, higher amounts, and low interest rates, and is also a sign of good financial health and good personal finance habits.
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