How Does The Goods and Service Tax Affect Personal Loans

How Does The Goods and Service Tax Affect Personal Loans

Understanding how GST for personal loan impacts borrowers is crucial, especially when considering the different charges and fees is involved. The introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India in July 2017 marked a significant shift in the country’s economy, aiming to simplify and unify the tax structure. While GST has streamlined many aspects of taxation, it has also had notable effects on various sectors, including personal loans. 

When we talk about GST for quick personal loan, it primarily affects the service charges associated with these loans. Unlike the previous tax regime, where service charges on loans were taxed at 15%, under GST, this rate has increased to 18%. This change influences several aspects of personal loans, such as processing fees, verification charges, and penalties for delayed payments.

Impact of GST on Personal Loan Service Charges

The implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has significantly affected various components of personal loan service charges.

Processing Fees

One of the most directly affected areas is the processing fee for personal loans. Previously, this fee was subject to a service tax of 15%. With the introduction of GST, the tax rate increased to 18%. For instance, if the processing fee is ₹10,000, the GST levied would be ₹1,800, up from ₹1,500 under the old tax system. This increase means borrowers now pay more for the same services due to the higher GST rate on personal loan​​.

Prepayment and Foreclosure Charges

If borrowers decide to repay their personal loans early, they face prepayment or foreclosure charges, which are also subject to the 18% GST. For example, if the prepayment charge is ₹5,000, the GST added would be ₹900. 

This additional cost can be a significant factor for those planning to clear their debt ahead of schedule. However, with lenders like Zype, you can foreclose your personal loan without any foreclosure charges by paying only the principal and interest charges till the date of settlement.

Other Service Charges

Other fees associated with personal loans, such as verification charges, late payment penalties, and bounce charges, also attract GST. For instance, a late payment penalty of ₹1,000 would incur an additional ₹180 as GST, making it essential for borrowers to consider these extra costs​.

Overall, the increase from 15% to 18% in the tax rate due to GST has made personal loan services slightly more expensive. This change affects the overall cost of borrowing, as all related service charges are now higher. Borrowers should be aware of these implications and may benefit from comparing different lenders’ fees to minimize the impact of GST on personal loan EMI and other related charges​​.

Also Read: Pre-Closure Charges for Personal Loan

Processing Charges and GST

When applying for a personal loan, one of the first expenses you encounter is the processing fee, which is now subject to the Goods and Services Tax (GST). The GST for personal loan significantly affects the cost associated with processing charges. Previously, these fees were taxed at a service tax rate of 15%. With the introduction of GST, this rate has increased to 18%​​.

The impact of GST on personal loan extends to various types of loans, including unsecured personal loan and those with longer repayment periods. The increased personal loan GST rate means that all borrowers need to consider these additional costs when calculating the total expense of their loan.

The GST on personal loan EMI does not directly affect the EMI amount but does increase subsidiary costs like processing fees, making it crucial for borrowers to factor in these expenses when budgeting for their loans. This transparency in GST on loan charges helps borrowers make more informed decisions​​.

Also Read: The Dos and Don’ts of Personal Finance Planning

Verification Charges and GST

Verification charges are another component of personal loans that are impacted by the Goods and Services Tax (GST). These charges are incurred when lenders verify the borrower’s credentials and creditworthiness. Under the current tax regime, GST for personal loan applies to these charges at a rate of 18%, up from the previous 15% service tax​​.

For example, if the verification fee is ₹1,000, the GST on this fee would be ₹180, making the total verification charge ₹1,180. This increase due to the GST rate on personal loan means borrowers pay more for the same verification services compared to the previous tax system​​.

Verification charges can vary depending on the lender and the type of loan. For an urgent personal loan, these charges may be higher due to quick processing. The same applies to an unsecured personal loan, where thorough verification is crucial.

Delayed Payment Charges and GST

Delayed payment charges are a common penalty imposed by lenders when borrowers miss their EMI deadlines. With the implementation of GST, these charges are now subject to an 18% tax. Understanding the GST for personal loan and its impact on delayed payment charges is crucial for borrowers.

For instance, if the late payment fee is ₹500, the GST on this charge would be ₹90, making the total penalty ₹590. This additional cost, due to the GST rate on personal loan, adds to the financial burden on borrowers who are already facing difficulties meeting their repayment schedules​​.

This increased GST on personal loan affects both urgent personal loan and unsecured personal loan borrowers equally. The personal loan GST rate applies uniformly, making it important for borrowers to be aware of these potential additional costs. Borrowers should plan their finances accordingly to avoid late payments and the associated GST charges​.

The inclusion of GST on delayed payment charges means that even small delays can result in higher penalties. This can impact the overall cost of the loan, emphasizing the need for timely payments. Understanding how GST on loan penalties work can help borrowers avoid these extra expenses and manage their loans more effectively​.

Other Charges Impacted by GST

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) impacts several other fees associated with personal loans, including processing, verification, and delayed payment charges.

Foreclosure Charges

When a borrower decides to repay their loan ahead of the scheduled term, a foreclosure fee is typically charged. This fee is now subject to an 18% GST, up from the previous 15%. For instance, if the foreclosure fee is ₹10,000, the GST levied would be ₹1,800, increasing the total fee to ₹11,800​

Part-payment Charges

Similar to foreclosure charges, part-payment fees also attract GST. If a borrower makes a partial prepayment of the loan, the fee charged by the lender will include an additional 18% GST. For example, if the part-payment charge is ₹5,000, the GST would be ₹900, making the total fee ₹5,900​.

Documentation Charges

These charges cover the cost of preparing and processing the loan documentation. Under the GST regime, these fees are also taxed at 18%. If the documentation fee is ₹1,000, the GST on this would be ₹180, making the total ₹1,180​.

These additional charges, impacted by the personal loan GST rate, add to the overall cost of obtaining a loan. Borrowers need to account for these costs when calculating the total expense of their loan.

Comparing Pre-GST and Post-GST Scenarios


Pre-GST (15% Service Tax)

Post-GST (18% GST)


Processing Fee

₹10,000 + ₹1,500 (tax)

₹10,000 + ₹1,800 (tax)

Increased cost by ₹300 due to higher GST rate

Verification Charges

₹1,000 + ₹150 (tax)

₹1,000 + ₹180 (tax)

Additional ₹30 in tax

Foreclosure Charges

₹5,000 + ₹750 (tax)

₹5,000 + ₹900 (tax)

Extra ₹150 due to GST

Part-payment Charges

₹2,000 + ₹300 (tax)

₹2,000 + ₹360 (tax)

₹60 more in tax

Late Payment Penalty

₹500 + ₹75 (tax)

₹500 + ₹90 (tax)

Increased by ₹15 due to GST

Documentation Charges

₹1,000 + ₹150 (tax)

₹1,000 + ₹180 (tax)

Extra ₹30 due to GST

Tips to Manage Personal Loan Costs Under GST

Here are some practical tips to manage personal loan costs effectively under the GST regime:

Compare Lenders: Different lenders may have varying processing fees and other charges. By comparing these fees, you can choose a lender with lower overall costs, reducing the impact of GST for personal loan.

Negotiate Fees: Some lenders may be open to negotiating processing fees and other charges. Lower fees will result in lower GST, helping you manage the overall cost of the loan.

Consider Loan Amount and Tenure: Opt for a loan amount and tenure that minimizes additional fees. For example, a shorter tenure might reduce the total interest paid, while a reasonable loan amount can help manage GST on personal loan charges.

Timely Payments: Avoid late payment penalties by ensuring timely EMI payments. Late fees attract additional GST, increasing your overall cost. Setting up automatic payments can help avoid these charges.

Check for Prepayment Options: Some loans allow for part-payment or prepayment without significant penalties. This can help reduce the interest burden and associated GST rate on personal loan charges over the loan tenure.

Plan for Verification and Documentation Fees: Be aware of all potential charges upfront, including verification and documentation fees, and their GST implications. This awareness helps in better financial planning.

Utilize Digital Lenders: Some digital lenders may offer lower processing fees and fewer additional charges compared to traditional banks, resulting in lower personal loan GST rate implications.

Avoid Unnecessary Fees: Try to avoid fees such as cheque bounce charges, which incur additional GST. Ensuring sufficient funds in your account can help prevent these extra costs.


The GST for personal loan has introduced a uniform 18% tax on several service-related fees, including processing, verification, and late payment charges. While this has slightly increased the cost of taking a loan, being well-informed can help manage these expenses effectively. By comparing different lenders, negotiating fees, and avoiding unnecessary charges, borrowers can minimize the impact of GST on personal loan costs. 

It’s also crucial to plan repayments diligently to avoid penalties, which attract additional GST. Utilizing digital platforms that offer competitive rates and fewer fees can further help manage the personal loan GST rate.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does GST Affect The Interest Rate On Personal Loans?

No, GST does not affect the interest rate on personal loans. GST is only applied to service charges like processing fees and other administrative costs, not to the interest paid on the loan​​.

Are There Any Tax Benefits On Personal Loans Under GST?

Personal loans themselves do not offer specific tax benefits under GST. However, if the loan is used for home renovation, education, or business purposes, you may claim tax benefits under different sections of the Income Tax Act, not directly related to GST​​.

How Can I Calculate The Additional Cost Of GST on My Personal Loan?

To calculate the additional cost of GST on your personal loan, multiply the service charges (like processing fees) by 18%. For example, if your processing fee is ₹5,000, the GST would be ₹900, making the total fee ₹5,900​.

What Happens If I Fail To Pay The GST On Loan Service Charges?

Failure to pay GST on loan service charges can result in penalties and interest levied by the tax authorities. It is essential to ensure timely payment of all applicable GST to avoid additional financial liabilities.

Are There Any Exemptions Under GST For Personal Loans?

There are no exemptions under GST for personal loans. All service charges related to personal loans, such as processing fees, verification fees, and prepayment charges, are subject to GST at 18%​​.

Is GST Applicable On All Types Of Personal Loans?

Yes, GST is applicable to all types of personal loans. This includes both secured and unsecured personal loans, and it is levied on the service charges associated with these loans​​.

Can the GST Rate On Personal Loan Services Change In The Future?

Yes, the GST rate on personal loan services can change in the future based on government policy revisions. It is important to stay updated with the latest announcements from the GST Council and other relevant authorities​.

How Does GST Impact Late Payment Fees For Personal Loans?

GST impacts late payment fees by adding an 18% tax to the penalty amount. For instance, if the late payment fee is ₹700, the GST would be ₹126, making the total penalty ₹826.


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