14 Different Types of Loans Available In India

Loans can be a real lifesaver when you need some extra cash, but with so many different types out there, it can be overwhelming to decide which one to choose.

That’s where this blog comes in! We’ll break down the most common types of loans in India so you can make an informed decision. 

Different Types of Loans

1. Home Loan 

A home loan is a great option if you want to buy a house, flat or a plot. 

Depending on the provider, you can choose a repayment period of up to 30 years. Since it’s a secure loan, the interest rate is on the lower end, and starts as low as 6.5% in India. 

An additional benefit is that the interest paid on a home loan is also eligible for tax deduction.

Also Read: Home Renovation Loan

2. Loan against property 

Also called mortgage loans, you pledge your residential or commercial property to avail this loan. This has many benefits such as low-interest rates, long repayment tenures and the loan amount can be used for anything you want. 

3. Loan Against Insurance Policies 

You can avail loans against policies which have maturity benefits. However, you could only get it if the policy has acquired a surrender value. 

The surrender value is the money a policyholder gets when they exit the policy before its maturity date.  

4. Gold Loan 

Pledging gold to borrow money is not a new concept for us. Based on your gold’s weight, purity and its present market value, the lender decides an amount you could borrow against it.  

Out of all the secured loans, people prefer gold loans for short-term money needs. 

5. Loan Against Securities  

This is a great alternative for those who think of selling their shares, mutual funds, bonds, etc when they need money. Instead, you can get loans by pledging these securities. 

6. Loan Against Fixed Deposits 

There are two ways to avail a loan against fixed deposits (FD): 

I. Take a loan against FD – Like any other secure loan, here you pledge your FD and avail the loan. 

II. Ask the bank to issue an overdraft (OD) – In this, you can withdraw more money than your account balance. Usually, banks charge 1-2% higher than FD interest rates to issue overdrafts.   

7. Vehicle Loans (Car loans & Two-Wheeler loans) 

You can use this to buy the two-wheeler or four-wheeler of your dreams. Vehicle loans could be secured as well as unsecured loan.  

In case of secured loans, borrowers usually pledge the vehicle itself as collateral.  In this, the loan company pays the money directly to the vehicle company on your behalf and when you repay the loan, the vehicle registration is transferred to your name. 

8. Personal Loan

As the name suggests, you could use a personal loan for anything you want, like medical, travel, vacation, wedding, etc. Compared to other types of loans, a personal loan requires minimal documentation.   

For example, you can quickly get instant personal loans from Zype app without any hassles. You can get loan approval up to ₹5,00,000 in three easy steps. After choosing your desired amount and a convenient EMI option, you can transfer money in your account in a single click. Click here to download the Zype app. 

9. Short-Term Business Loan 

Also known as small business loan, the goal of this loan is to help businesses who have a short-term money need. So, if you need money for things like day-to-day operations, business expansion, etc, short-term loans for business could come handy for you. 

10. Flexi Loan 

Under this, you can borrow money up to a certain limit in the form of credit line facility. You are charged only on the amount borrowed. This way, you can borrow the amount you need without having to pay interest on a higher amount. 

Also Read: Flexi Loan

11. Payday Loan 

This loan is for salaried professionals facing a cash crunch. They usually repay the loan once they receive their next pay cheque. Payday loans could be quite expensive as they have high interest rate.  

12. Cash Advance

This service is given by credit card companies. You can withdraw cash using your credit card anytime through ATMs or through banks during office hours.  

We recommend you use this only in extreme situations as this is a very expensive way of borrowing money. 

13. Agriculture Loan

A farmer can avail agriculture loans for farming related needs, like buying equipment, seeds, fertilisers, pesticides, etc. As per RBI guidelines, crop loans up to INR 1 lakh require no security.  

14. Education Loan 

Also known as student loan, this could be availed for any kind of educational requirement, like school, colleges, part-time or full-time courses, vocational courses, etc. The student is supposed to start repaying the EMIs after completion of the course.


Understanding the different types of loans would help you to choose the right loan type for your money related needs.  

Frequently Asked Question

What Are The Common Types Of Loans Available?

The most common types of loans available are personal loans, home loans, education loans, vehicle loans, short-term business loans and loans against securities.

If you want an instant personal loan up to ₹5,00,000 in no time, download the Zype app and generate your credit limit in less than 60 seconds.

How Does A Personal Loan Differ From Other Loans?

Personal loans usually come under the category of unsecured loans. This means that you can borrow money without pledging any collateral. You can avail a personal loan faster than traditional loans since it requires minimum documentation. There are many loan apps where you can get a personal loan online without submitting any physical paperwork.

What Types of Loans Are Available for Businesses, And How do They Help?

There are many types of loans available for businesses in India like working capital loan, loan against property, overdraft and line of credit.

A business can use these loans for planned and unplanned expenses like leasing a property, buying a machine and paying overheads and salaries.

Are Payday Loans A Good Option For Short-Term Financial Needs?

No, taking a payday loan for your money needs is not recommended as they charge high-interest rates. In fact, the Reserve Bank of India has imposed strict regulations on NBFCs to protect borrowers from costly lending practices like payday loans. 

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