Electric vs. Petrol: The Future of Mileage Bikes

In the last few years, the debate between electric scooters and traditional petrol scooter prices has become increasingly relevant. The shift towards sustainable commuting has put electric and petrol bikes in the spotlight. Recent policy developments in India, such as the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME) II scheme, have aided the growth of electric scooters. Consumers want to know the answer of which bike is best for mileage, contemplating between the efficiency and eco-friendliness of new model electric scooters and the robust performance of petrol scooters. The question of which scooty is best electric or petrol remains a topic of hot debate, with factors like cost, maintenance, and usability playing crucial roles. This article aims to explore this comparison, providing insights into the electric vs petrol scooter debate and helping you decide scooty vs bike which is better for your specific needs.

Electric Bike vs Petrol Bike: Key Distinguishing Factors

Electric scooter comparison India vs petrol scooter
FactorElectric two-wheelerPetrol two-wheeler
PricingElectric bikes, especially those with lithium-ion batteries, are initially more expensive. However, Indian buyers benefit from government incentives like the FAME II scheme, which offers incentives up to Rs. 15,000 per kWh, covering up to 40% of the e-scooter’s cost. This significantly reduces the upfront cost, making them more affordable.Petrol bikes prices are generally more budget-friendly at the outset, catering to India’s price-sensitive market. Despite their lower initial cost, rising fuel prices are prompting buyers to consider electric alternatives as a more cost-effective long-term solution.
Fuel Cost / Which Bike is Best for Mileage?Electric bikes/scooters are far more economical in terms of fuel costs. They offer a similar range as petrol scooters at about 15% of the cost of one litre of petrol, providing significant savings in the long run. This cost-effectiveness is a major selling point in India, where fuel efficiency is highly valued.Petrol bikes/scooters, which offer an average of 50-60 km per litre, are less economical in the long run due to increasing petrol prices. While some models offer up to 100 km/l, the overall fuel cost is higher compared to electric scooters.
Operational RangeElectric scooters are ideal for daily short-distance travel, with high-end models offering a range of up to 75 km per charge. Charging infrastructure is growing in India, and all models these days come with home charging solutions.Petrol scooters have a broader operational range, making them suitable for longer distances. With an average tank capacity of 5 litres and an average mileage of 40-50 km/l, they can cover about 250 km. The widespread availability of petrol stations in India also adds to their convenience.
ConvenienceCharging an electric scooter can be a challenge, especially for residents in apartment complexes. However, innovations like removable batteries are making it more convenient, though still more time-consuming than refuelling a petrol scooter.Refuelling a petrol scooter is quick and easy, taking just a few minutes at any petrol station. This convenience is a significant factor for many Indian buyers, especially those who frequently travel long distances.
MaintenanceElectric scooters require less maintenance compared to petrol scooters. Regular battery charging and basic upkeep like tire maintenance are the primary concerns. The lower maintenance requirement is a plus point for busy Indian commuters.Petrol scooters require more frequent servicing, including the replacement of mechanical parts over time. This higher maintenance demand can be a drawback for those looking for low-maintenance transportation options.
This table provides a detailed comparison of electric and petrol scooters, highlighting key factors that Indian buyers consider when choosing their ideal mode of transportation. While electric scooters offer economic and environmental benefits, petrol scooters still hold an edge in terms of range and convenience. The choice ultimately depends on individual needs, preferences, and lifestyle. 

Green Riding: Assessing the Environmental Benefits of Electric Bikes

Reduced Carbon Footprint

Electric bikes significantly lower the carbon footprint compared to traditional petrol scooters. By utilising electricity as a power source, electric scooters contribute to a substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. This is especially impactful in India, where initiatives are being undertaken to increase the share of renewable energy in the grid, further enhancing the environmental benefits of electric scooters.

 Lower Emissions

Electric scooters produce zero tailpipe emissions, which is a major step forward in reducing air pollution. Unlike petrol scooters, they don’t emit harmful pollutants like carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides, making them a cleaner choice for urban environments. This feature is crucial in densely populated Indian cities, where air quality is a growing concern.

Energy Efficiency

Electric scooters are inherently more energy-efficient than petrol scooters. They convert over 75% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels, whereas petrol vehicles only convert about 20% of the energy stored in gasoline. This efficiency translates into less energy use for the same mileage, making electric scooters a more sustainable option.

Sustainable Battery Development

The advancement in battery technology, crucial for new model electric scooters, is leading to more sustainable and efficient energy storage solutions. While battery production has environmental implications, ongoing research and development are focused on reducing these impacts. The use of renewable energy in battery production and the potential for battery recycling further enhance the environmental credentials of electric scooters.

Environmental Impact of Petrol Bikes

Air Pollution

The combustion process in petrol bikes releases a variety of harmful pollutants, including carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and hydrocarbons. These emissions contribute to air quality degradation, posing health risks to the population, especially in urban areas with high traffic density. 

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Petrol bikes emit carbon dioxide (CO2), a significant greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming and climate change. The cumulative effect of CO2 emissions from numerous petrol bikes on the road accelerates the environmental issues at both local and global levels. 

Noise Pollution

Apart from air pollution, petrol bikes contribute to noise pollution, a lesser-discussed yet significant environmental concern. The engines of petrol scooters and bikes generate considerable noise, contributing to the overall noise pollution in busy urban settings. This affects the quality of life and can have adverse health effects on urban residents.

Resource Depletion

The production and operation of petrol bikes rely on fossil fuels, a non-renewable resource. The extraction and refining of petroleum for fuel and other components of petrol bikes add to environmental degradation and resource depletion. With the increasing demand for fossil fuels, alternative and sustainable modes of transportation like electric scooters are gaining importance.

Ecological Footprint

The lifecycle of petrol bikes, from manufacturing to disposal, has a larger ecological footprint compared to electric alternatives. The manufacturing process involves energy-intensive procedures and the use of various chemicals and materials that can be environmentally damaging. 

Empowering Electric Mobility: Government Incentives for Electric Bikes in India

FAME India Phase II Scheme

Launched with a budgetary support of Rs. 10,000 crore, the FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles) India Phase II Scheme focuses on the electrification of public and shared transportation. It supports the adoption of electric buses, three-wheelers, four-wheeler passenger cars, and two-wheelers. 

Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Schemes

The government has introduced PLI schemes to encourage domestic manufacturing of electric vehicles and their components. The ‘National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cells (ACC) Battery Storage’ under the PLI scheme, with a budgetary outlay of Rs. 18,100 crores, aims to establish a significant ACC battery manufacturing capacity. 

Subsidies for Consumers

Under the FAME India Scheme phase II, subsidies are provided to consumers in the form of an upfront reduction in the purchase price of electric vehicles. This incentive, linked to the battery capacity of the vehicle, effectively lowers the cost for the buyer. As of late 2023, substantial subsidies amounting to Rs. 5,228 crore have been disbursed, covering a significant number of electric vehicles sold in India.

Infrastructure Development

The government has also allocated funds for the establishment of public electric vehicle charging stations, further facilitating the adoption of EVs. This infrastructure development is crucial for the widespread use of electric two-wheelers and scooters, addressing one of the major concerns regarding EV adoption – charging accessibility.

Government Incentives and Subsidies for Petrol Bikes

Promotion of BS-VI Emission Standards: The government mandated Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI) emission standards, which are stricter and aim to reduce pollutants from vehicles, including petrol bikes. Support for Cleaner Fuels: Efforts by the Indian government to promote cleaner fuels like CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) for two-wheelers, which are more environmentally friendly compared to traditional petrol. Research and Development Incentives: The government has been encouraging research and development in more efficient and cleaner technologies for all vehicles, including petrol bikes.

Key Performance Metrics for Electric Bikes

When evaluating electric bikes, several key performance metrics are crucial for understanding their efficiency and capability. Acceleration and Top Speed: The acceleration and top speed of an electric bike are vital for assessing its performance, especially in urban settings. Electric bikes typically offer instant torque, leading to quick acceleration. However, their top speed might be lower than petrol bikes. Power Delivery: Electric bikes provide smoother and more consistent power delivery compared to petrol bikes. This results from the nature of electric motors, which deliver power in a linear and immediate manner, enhancing the ride quality and control. Battery Range and Efficiency: The range of an electric bike is a critical metric, indicating how far it can travel on a single charge. Battery efficiency also plays a significant role, with advancements in technology leading to longer ranges and shorter charging times. Regenerative Braking: Many electric bikes feature regenerative braking, which recovers energy during braking and feeds it back into the battery. This feature not only extends the range but also reduces wear on the braking system. Overall Durability: The durability of an electric bike, influenced by build quality and component longevity, is essential for long-term performance. Electric bikes have fewer moving parts than petrol bikes, which can lead to lower maintenance needs and more reliability over time.

Key Performance Metrics of Petrol Bikes

Petrol bikes have distinct performance characteristics that make them a popular choice for many riders. Traditional Advantages in Performance: Petrol bikes are renowned for their high-performance capabilities, particularly in terms of raw power and speed. They have been the benchmark in performance metrics for decades, offering a thrilling riding experience. The evolution of petrol bike technology has further enhanced these aspects, keeping them competitive in the market. Speed and Acceleration Characteristics: The speed and acceleration of petrol bikes are often superior to electric bikes. They provide a high top speed and rapid acceleration, which are crucial for highway riding and sports biking.  Engine Power and Torque Delivery: The power and torque output of petrol engines are key metrics in their performance. These bikes offer a broad range of power bands, allowing for versatile riding experiences, from cruising to racing. Fuel Efficiency and Range: While buying petrol bikes, people often consider mileage as an important factor. Advances in technology have led to more fuel-efficient engines, providing longer ranges and making them suitable for long-distance travel. Handling and Ride Dynamics: The handling and ride dynamics of petrol bikes are influenced by their engine design and weight distribution. They generally offer a more balanced and stable ride, especially at high speeds, due to their heavier weight and mechanical layout.

Technological Advancements in Electric Bike

Electric bikes have witnessed significant technological advancements, enhancing their performance and appeal to a broader range of consumers. Motor Technology Advancements: One of the most notable advancements in electric bikes is the development of more efficient and powerful motors. Modern electric bikes often feature mid-drive motors, which provide better balance and a more natural riding experience, and hub motors, known for their simplicity and ease of maintenance. Battery Innovations: The progress in battery technology has been a game-changer for electric bikes. The latest batteries offer longer ranges, shorter charging times, and a more compact design, making electric bikes more practical for everyday use and long-distance travel. Smart Features Integration: Modern electric bikes are increasingly incorporating smart features like GPS navigation, theft protection, and integrated apps that allow for a more connected and user-friendly experience. These features add value to electric bikes, making them a more attractive option for tech-savvy riders. Lightweight Materials: The use of lightweight materials in the construction of electric bikes is another notable advancement. These materials, such as carbon fibre and advanced alloys, reduce the overall weight of the bike, improving its efficiency and handling.

Technological Advancements in Petrol Bikes

Advanced Engine Technologies: Modern petrol bikes feature highly sophisticated engines that offer increased power output and efficiency. Technologies like variable valve timing, direct fuel injection, and advanced combustion techniques contribute to this improvement, resulting in bikes that are more powerful and fuel-efficient. Improved Emission Controls: Catalytic converters and advanced exhaust systems reduce harmful emissions, making petrol bikes more environmentally friendly. Enhanced Safety Features: Modern petrol bikes are equipped with advanced safety features like ABS (Anti-lock Braking System) and traction control known for significantly improving rider safety in various riding conditions. Aerodynamic Designs and Materials: Use of materials like carbon fibre and aluminium alloys reduce the overall weight of petrol bikes, while aerodynamic design enhances speed and efficiency.

Electric vs. Petrol Bikes in India: Analysing Market Dynamics and Future Outlook

Growth Trends

The micromobility sector, including electric scooters and bikes, is witnessing explosive growth, particularly in urban areas. By 2026, India’s contribution to the global micromobility market with electric two-wheelers is projected to be nearly 30%. Advancements in technology are leading to electric scooters with features like ADAS and smartphone connectivity, enhancing the riding experience and safety. Subscription services and bike rentals are emerging as popular alternatives to traditional ownership, with platforms like Bounce and Yulu offering convenient access to EVs.

Future Outlook

The Indian two-wheeler market is poised for a significant transformation, with electric bikes expected to play a major role in shaping the future of urban mobility. Continued support from the government, advancements in EV technology, and evolving consumer preferences are likely to accelerate the growth of the electric bike segment.

How to get a Two Wheeler Loan from Zype?

Securing a personal loan for a two-wheeler from Zype is a straightforward and convenient process.  1. Install the Zype app from the App Store or Play Store and create an account by providing your personal details. 2. Once you do this, your loan offer will be generated in less than a minute. 3. To get the loan, you would need to finish the quick KYC process. Just take an online selfie and verify your Aadhaar number with OTP.  4. Now select the loan amount and repayment tenure. Zype will disburse the money to your account in 2-24 hours.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the choice between electric and petrol bikes in India hinges on various factors like bikes mileage, cost, environmental impact, and personal preferences. While electric scooters offer benefits like lower operational costs and environmental friendliness, petrol scooters continue to appeal due to their longer range and immediate availability. If you are looking for new model electric scooters or bikes, Zype’s personal loan can make it easier for you to finance the purchase. The decision ultimately rests on individual needs, whether you prioritise eco-friendliness, good mileage bikes, or the traditional performance of petrol models.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which Bike Is Better: EV Or Petrol?

The choice between an EV and a petrol bike depends on your specific needs and usage patterns. EVs are more environmentally friendly and cost-effective in the long run due to lower fuel and maintenance costs, while petrol bikes offer a longer range and faster refuelling, and are currently more suitable for long-distance travel.

Which Bike Gives 102 KMPL Mileage?

The Bajaj Platina 100 ES is renowned for offering an impressive mileage of 102 kmpl, considered as one of the most fuel-efficient petrol bikes in the Indian market. This high mileage makes it an economical choice for daily commuters looking to minimise fuel expenses.

Is EV 2 Wheeler Worth Buying?

An EV two-wheeler is worth buying for those prioritising environmental sustainability and lower running costs, especially in urban areas with adequate charging infrastructure. The initial higher cost can be offset by savings on fuel and maintenance over time, and incentives provided by the government further enhance their appeal.

Which Bike Is Best For Long Life Mileage?

Bikes from Honda, Bajaj, and Hero, with their reputation for durability and fuel efficiency, are often recommended for long life and good mileage. 

Which Electric Bike Will Give More Mileage?

Electric bikes such as the Ather 450X and Ola S1 Pro stand out for offering higher mileage, with the capability to travel over 100 km on a single charge. This makes them suitable for daily commuting without the worry of frequent recharging.

Should I Buy A Petrol Or Electric Bike?

Deciding whether to buy a petrol or electric bike involves considering factors like your daily travel distance, charging infrastructure availability, environmental impact, and budget. While petrol bikes are currently more versatile for different travel needs, electric bikes offer significant benefits in urban settings and are increasingly becoming more practical with technological advancements.

Is Insurance Required For Electric Bikes?

In India, insurance is mandatory for electric bikes, similar to petrol bikes, to cover risks like accidents, theft, and damages. This insurance provides financial protection and is essential for responsible vehicle ownership.

What Are The Best Electric Scooters In India?

Among the best electric scooters in India are the Ather 450X, Ola S1 Pro, and TVS iQube, which are known for their impressive performance, extended range, and modern features like smart connectivity and advanced rider assistance systems.

Can You Buy The Bike With Zype Two Wheeler Loan?

You can conveniently purchase an electric or petrol bike using a Zype Two Wheeler Loan. It only takes 5 minutes to complete the online loan application process and the loan amount is transferred to your account in 2-24 hours. Click here to apply for loans up to ₹5 lakhs.

YOU MAY ALSO LIKE